have courage. take heart. bear witness.

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Listed here, with expanded descriptions, are most of the resources appearing on the Interview pages of the Soldiers & Civilians web site, including introductory text and transcripts. Resources are listed in alphabetical order, by title. To find entries regarding a key word or phrase, simply use the search function.

Please note:

The listings in the Resources sections on this web site are intended to provide any of the following: reference sources for statements made in the introductions to Soldiers & Civilians recordings; information that presents a larger context for issues raised in the recordings; information otherwise related to the content of the recordings. We hope you find these useful. Please be aware that, while we make efforts to select reliable sources of information, The Soldiers & Civilians Project cannot guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information obtained through web links or other sources, and does not warantee or endorse any service provided through these links. You are welcome to contact us with feedback regarding your experiences with these resources.

ABCs of the ASVAB: All about the Armed Forces Vocational Aptitude Battery. Explains the different types of ASVAB tests, what the scores indicate, and information about studying for the ASVAB. See the related article, What the recruiter never told you

Agent Orange. A blend of herbicides used in Viet Nam from 1961 to 1971. This section of the VA web site provides information about possible health-related problems resulting from exposure, the ways in which veterans may have been exposed, and VA benefits for these health matters.

The American Veterans and Servicemembers Survival Guide: How to Cut Through the Bureaucracy and Get What You Need and Are Entitled To. A free download through the National Veterans Legal Services Program (NVLSP). Established in 1980, NVLSP is part of the Coalition for Iraq + Afghanistan Veterans (CIAV), which provides services and support for these veterans and their families. NVLSP has information about the assistance available through CIAV organizations, including help regarding women's issues, education, employment, financial aid, health, housing, recreation, legal assistance, mental health, military sexual trauma, and substance abuse.

Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths in World War II: Final Report Prepared by Statistical and Accounting Branch, Office of the Adjutant General, under direction of Program Review and Analysis Division, Office of the Comptroller of the Army, OCS. 1953. Part 1; page 5.

Battle of the Bulge. A film produced as part of The American Experience series, on PBS. "It was the biggest and bloodiest single battle American soldiers ever fought: one in which nearly 80,000 Americans were killed, maimed, or captured. Packed with extraordinary newsreel and Army footage, Battle of the Bulge captures the action on the battle's frontlines and the strategy behind the scenes." This PBS web site includes a synopsis of the film, the program transcript, and a list of related books, articles, and web sites. The program is closed captioned for deaf and hard-of-hearing viewers. A special narration track is added to provide access to people who are blind or visually impaired.

BrainLine. A national multimedia project in English and Spanish offering comprehensive information and resources about preventing, treating, and living with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Features a series of webcasts, an electronic newsletter, research updates, personal stories, Ask the Expert Q&A, fact sheets, and other content, under four main headings: TBI Basics; For People With TBI; For Family and Friends; For Professionals.

CBS News special report, December 1, 1969: The draft lottery. Video of the drawing of birth dates for the US military draft lottery.

Chance and Circumstance: The Draft, the War, and the Vietnam Generation. Baskir, Laurence M. and Strauss, William A. 1978. New York: Knopf. Written by two members of President Gerald Ford's Clemency Board. Considered the first comprehensive study of the impact of the US war in Viet Nam on the generation of young men who reached draft age between 1964 and 1973.

Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC). Their mission is to serve active duty military, their beneficiaries, and veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI), through state-of-the-art clinical care, innovative clinical research initiatives, and educational programs. DVBIC collaborates with military, VA, and civilian health partners, local communities, families, and individuals with TBI. The web site is a comprehensive source of information. The section "TBI & the Military" explains causes and effects of TBI, how it is assessed and treated, and the differences between blast injuries and concussive sports injuries. There are also sections directed to service members and veterans, families and friends, and health care providers.

Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health & Traumatic Brain Injury (DCoE). Part of the Department of Defense (DoD), DCoE offers assistance to veterans and their families needing help with psychological health issues and traumatic brain injury (TBI). DCoE's Real Warriors Campaign works to remove the stigma that still deters some from seeking treatment for problems such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and TBI.

Directory of Veterans Services Organizations. Lists the organizations, those chartered by Congress and those not chartered, that provide services to veterans. "Inclusion of an organization in the directory does not constitute approval or endorsement by VA or the United States Government of the organization or its activities." Chartered VSOs are those "federally chartered and/or recognized or approved by the VA Secretary for purposes of preparation, presentation, and prosecution of claims under laws administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs. Inclusion of non-chartered organizations does not constitute or reflect VA recognition of said organization and its representatives for purposes of representation of VA claimants."

The effect of PTSD on the brain. Explains the role of the hippocampus, an area of the brain, and how it can be affected by traumatic stress. Includes resources for further information on the subject of PTSD. About.com is part of The New York Times Company.

Effects of PTSD on family. From the NCPTSD web site: "PTSD can make somebody hard to be with. Living with someone who is easily startled, has nightmares, and often avoids social situations can take a toll on the most caring family. Early research on PTSD has shown the harmful impact of PTSD on families." Other pages in this section: PTSD Basics, Return from War, Specific to Women.

Eligibility rules for VA benefits. You may be eligible. Since Adele Kubein recorded her conversation, eligibility rules for VA health care have changed. Male and female reservists and National Guard members who were called to active duty by a Federal Executive Order may qualify for VA health care benefits. Click on the link above to find out if you might be eligible for hospital care, medical services, and nursing home care. Health care eligibility is not just for those who served in combat, and it is not just for service-connected injuries or medical conditions. To be considered for health care benefits, whether you want them now or later on, you must enroll within five years of the date you separated from the service.

Exposure therapy for PTSD. Discusses different types of exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and provides links to help locate a practitioner. "The goal of exposure therapy . . . is to help reduce a person's fear and anxiety, with the ultimate goal of eliminating avoidance behavior and increasing quality of life. This is done by actively confronting the things that a person fears. By confronting feared situations, thoughts, and emotions, a person can learn that anxiety and fear will lessen on its own."

GI bill. Veterans benefits can include financial assistance for education expenses, such as tuition, fees, books, and housing costs. This section of the VA's web site explains the different benefits programs (Post 9/11 GI Bill; Montgomery GI Bill; Reserve Educational Assistance Program; and Post Vietnam Era Veterans' Educational Assistance Program) and eligibility requirements, and offers help in choosing among the options.

G.I.'s and O.J.'s in Vietnam. From the New York Times Magazine, December 5, 1971. Lays out a picture of drug use among US troops. "To many G.I.'s in Vietnam, O.J.'s (not orange juice but opium joints, or heroin) are a defense against the silent enemies of a nonwar. . . . More than one-third of the proven users begin during their first month in Vietnam, and probably 90 percent in their first four months."

"The Good Soldier". This award-winning documentary film presents "a deeply affecting look at war" from the perspective of five American veterans: Perry Parks, Jimmey Massey, Michael McPhearson, Will Williams, and Ed Wood. Produced and directed by Lexy Lovell and Michael Uys.

The human cost: Civilian casualties in Iraq & Afghanistan. Information from the US Department of Defense, obtained as a result of requests by the American Civil Liberties Union under the Freedom of Information Act.

National Center for PTSD (NCPTSD). Part of the US Department of Veterans Affairs, the Center's site offers fact sheets, videos, and other resources about trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, and related issues. Its aim is to help US veterans and others through research, education, and training on these matters.

The National Gulf War Resource Center, Inc. (NGWRC). A coalition of advocates and organizations providing information, support, and referrals for veterans and others concerned with military service in Southwest Asia, including veterans from Operation Desert Storm (ODS), Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Issues of greatest concern to NGWRC are Gulf War Illness (or multi-symptom illness), which involves multiple systems of the body; traumatic brain injury (TBI); and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The site provides downloadable information on subjects such as clothing allowance benefits for veterans with service-related disability or injury; fibromyalgia; chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS); irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); and PTSD. There are also links to a number of other web sites, such as Gulf War Veteran Resource Pages, established in 1994 and staffed by volunteers.

The National Vietnam Veterans' Readjustment Study. Mandated by Congress in 1983, this investigated posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychological problems (for example, depression, anxiety, and alcohol abuse) among veterans of the war in Viet Nam. The findings were used as a basis for developing treatment. One finding was that ". . . social support plays a critical role in reducing PTSD symptoms and increasing one's level of functioning."

Navy & Marine Corps Public Health Center (NMCPHC). Staffed by public health experts, the NMCPHC provides information on a variety of public health issues, and partners with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. The site offers information in many different downloadable forms (articles, presentations, posters, handbooks), along with a blog and other resources directed to service members, veterans, and their families, and to health care providers.
"It's time we made everyone in uniform aware that the act of reaching out for help is, in fact, one of the most courageous acts and one of the first big steps to reclaiming your career, your life, and your future."— Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Mike Mullen (May 2, 2008)

NINDS traumatic brain injury information page. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) is part of the National Institutes of Health, the federal agency responsible for biomedical and health-related research. This page explains the nature of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the kinds of medications and other therapies used to treatment this injury. It also lists nearly two dozen clinical studies, many of which are now, or will be, recruiting volunteer participants.

NINDS spina bifida information page. From the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke web site, information about this neurological birth defect, which can occur in children of individuals exposed to Agent Orange. From 1961 to 1971, the US military sprayed millions of gallons of this herbicide on foliage in Viet Nam. Many people, including American veterans, were exposed to this chemical mix and have suffered serious health problems as a result. For more information on veterans benefits for these health problems, see Agent Orange, on the web site of the US Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Public Health and Environmental Hazards.

NOW with Bill Moyers. Citizen soldiers: The National Guard and Iraq. This PBS report, dated September 17, 2004, discusses issues related to the use of large numbers of Army National Guard and Army Reserve troops in Iraq and Afghanistan: concern over combat readiness of these "citizen soldiers"; hardships back home, where small towns have lost members of police and fire departments to deployment, and thousands of returning soldiers have had to fight their civilian employers over job and benefit reinstatement, a right guaranteed these veterans by law; and the Stop Loss Policy, in effect for Guard and Reserve units since November 2002, which allows the Pentagon to extend a solder's length of service beyond the original term of enlistment. This web page provides links to several related sites, including The National Gulf War Resource Center.

Oregon Violent Death Reporting. Part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS).

Overburdened Veterans Affairs system. A series of reports (first aired May 14, 2010), on National Public Radio's All Things Considered, that examines the difficulties faced by hundreds of thousands of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans applying to the VA for medical or mental health care services for injuries sustained during their military service. Army General Eric Shinseki, who heads the VA, is leading efforts to transform the agency's bureaucracy so that it efficiently processes claims and delivers benefits in a timely manner; nevertheless, the agency remains overwhelmed by unexpectedly large numbers of veterans needing care.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (NIMH web site). Describes the signs and symptoms of PTSD, the types of treatments available for PTSD, and how to find mental health services, and provides links to downloadable booklets and other resources. From the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

Partners of veterans with PTSD: Common problems. This page on the NCPTSD web site explains how PTSD can result in problems in family relationships, including verbal and physical aggression and violence.

Previous exposure to trauma and PTSD effects of subsequent trauma: results from the Detroit area survey of trauma. Breslau N, Chilcoat HD, Kessler RC, Davis GC. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1999;156:902-907. This study was conducted in 1996 on the basis of telephone interviews with approximately 2,000 residents of Detroit, Michigan, aged 18 to 45 years. One finding was that those who had experienced multiple incidents of violent assault during childhood were at greatest risk of developing PTSD from trauma in adulthood.

Post-traumatic stress disorder. This page on the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) web site describes the signs and symptoms of PTSD, the types of treatments available for PTSD and how to find mental health services, and provides links to downloadable booklets and other resources.

PTSD in children and teens. This page on the NCPTSD web site describes: the kinds of events that can result in PTSD in children; circumstances that may pose the highest risk; the ways in which PTSD in children and teens can affect emotions and behavior; the kinds of treatments available; where you can go for help.

PTSD: what every veteran and every veteran's family should know. A 2-page pamphlet, produced by the PTSD/Substance Abuse Committee of Vietnam Veterans of America.

Putting a human face on veterans in need and at risk. From the web site of VietNow.com, whose motto is "Veterans helping veterans." This commentary, by Matt Davison, chair of their Veterans Incarcerated committee, asks us to consider looking more closely at some of the factors that put veterans at risk of behavior that can lead to imprisonment.

Real Warriors Campaign. An initiative launched by the Defense Center of Excellence for Psychological Health & Traumatic Brain Injury (DCoE) to promote the processes of building resilience, facilitating recovery, and supporting reintegration of returning service members, veterans, and their families. The Real Warriors Campaign works to combat the stigma associated with seeking psychological healthcare and treatment and encourages service members to increase their awareness and use of these resources.
The campaign features stories of real service members who have sought treatment and are continuing to maintain successful military or civilian careers. In addition, the DCoE Outreach Center, a 24/7 call center staffed by health resource consultants, provides confidential answers, tools, tips, and resources about psychological health and traumatic brain injury (TBI).
The Outreach Center can be reached toll-free at 1-866-966-1020 or via e-mail at resources@dcoeoutreach.org.

Statistical information about casualties of the Vietnam War. From the National Archives. Of the 58,193 Americans killed, 60% were between the ages of 17 and 21; 38,209 were in the Army; and more than 80% were enlisted soldiers. Other tables on this web page report cause and year of death, marital status, race, religion, and home state of those killed.

Suicide risk & prevention: Assistance & resources. A 2-page pamphlet, produced by the PTSD/Substance Abuse Committee of Vietnam Veterans of America.

Tomorrow's grunts need to be cream of crop. From the US Department of Defense web site. ". . . 67 percent of combat deaths in Vietnam were infantry . . ."

Traumatic brain injury (TBI). From the VA's War Related Illness and Injury Study Center (WRIISC) web page. Outlines symptoms of TBI and potential long-term effects, noting that "many veterans who sustain mild TBIs recover completely." See also, the 13-page downloadable pdf, Traumatic brain injury: a guide for patients. Medical clinicians can learn about caring for veterans with TBI from the Traumatic Brain Injury Veteran Health Initiative (VHI) online course and study guide, which provide an overview of the the symptoms of TBI, treatment interventions, and long-term care needs of TBI patients.

US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). A comprehensive source of information for veterans and their families, the general public, and the medical community. The Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Retired US Army General Eric K. Shinseki, has pledged to lead improvements in the organization. The VA comprises the Veterans Health Administration, Veterans Benefits Administration, and National Cemetery Administration. (From 1930 until it was made part of the US Cabinet, the agency was called the Veterans Administration.)

VA polytrauma system of care. The VA recognizes the complex nature of injuries like TBI, referred to as polytrauma injuries because they can result in "physical, cognitive, psychological, or psychosocial impairments and functional disability." This site includes a Family Support section and the locations of polytrauma care facilities in the United States.

Vet Centers. A system of community-based counseling centers that assist all combat zone veterans and their families with the transition from military service to civilian life. All services are free of charge. Vet Centers are staffed by small interdisciplinary teams, whose members include combat veterans.
Services include: individual counseling; group counseling; marital and family counseling; bereavement counseling; medical referrals; assistance in applying for VA Benefits; employment counseling, guidance and referral; alcohol/drug assessments, information, and referral to community resources; and military sexual trauma counseling and referral. There are Vet Centers in all fifty states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands.

Veterans for Common Sense (VCS). Using US government reports from the Department of Defense (D0D) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), often obtained through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), VCS prepares fact sheets and reports regarding the human and financial consequences of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Included are the number of casualties to date, the number of veterans who received medical treatment from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and the number who have filed disability claims with the VA.

Veterans and PTSD. Eddie Black's slide presentation on posttraumatic stress syndrome (PTSD).

Veteran's choice of representation act. From the VVA Veteran. Discusses a veteran's right to hire an attorney for representation of claims against the VA. Includes a Q&A format regarding the client/attorney relationship, and history of the 1988 Veterans Judicial Review Act, legislation that established the Court of Veterans Appeals.

Vietnam Veterans of America (VVA). Founded in 1978, VVA is the only national Vietnam veterans organization chartered by Congress and exclusively dedicated to Vietnam-era veterans and their families. There are more than 50,000 members, 46 state councils and 630 local chapters. The VVA Veteran is published online twice monthly.

What is PTSD? This page on the NCPTSD web site is directed to veterans and the general public and includes a downloadable handout (pdf). Questions addressed are: What is PTSD? How does PTSD develop? What are the symptoms of PTSD? How common is PTSD? Who is most likely to develop PTSD? How long does PTSD last? What are other common problems? Can children have PTSD? What treatments are available?